درس قواعد بالإنجليزية : أدوات اللغة الإنجليزية

الموضوع في 'Foreign Languages Forum' بواسطة سيد إسماعيل, بتاريخ ‏8 نوفمبر 2008.

  1. سيد إسماعيل
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    سيد إسماعيل عضو جديد

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    English Articles​


    In English, knowing when to use 'a' or 'the' can bult. Fortunately

    there are rules to help you, but you need to know what type of noun you are using

    Grammar rule 1

    When you have a single, countable English noun, you must always have an article before it. We cannot say "please pass me pen", we must say

    please pass me the pen" or "please pass me a pen" or "please pass me your pen

    Nouns in English can also be uncountable. Uncountable nouns can be

    concepts, such as 'life', 'happiness' and so on, or materials and substances,

    such as 'coffee', or 'wood'

    Grammar rule 2

    Uncountable nouns don't use 'a' or 'an'. This is because you can't count

    them. For example, advice is an uncountable noun. You can't say "he gave

    me an advice", but you can say "he gave me some advice", or "he gave

    me a piece of advice

    Some nouns can be both countable and uncountable. For example, we say

    coffee" meaning the product, but we say "a coffee" when asking for one cup of coffee

    Grammar rule 3

    You can use 'the' to make general things specific. You can use 'the' with

    any type of noun - plural or singular, countable or uncountable

    "Please pass me a pen" - any pen

    "Please pass me the pen" - the one that we can both see

    "Children grow up quickly" - children in general

    The children I know grow up quickly" - not all children, just the ones I know
    "Poetry can be beautiful"- poetry in general

    "The poetry of Hopkins is beautiful" - I'm only talking about the poetry

    Hopkins wrote

    More uses of articles in English

    Rivers, mountain ranges, seas, oceans and geographic areas all use 'the'

    For example, "The Thames", "The Alps", "The Atlantic Ocean", "The

    Middle East

    Unique things have 'the'

    For example, "the sun", "the moon"

    Some institutional buildingsdon't have an article if you visit them for the

    reason these buildings exist. But if you go to the building for another

    reason, you must use 'the'

    (Her husband is in prison." (He's a prisoner "

    "She goes to the prison to see him once a month"

    "My son is in school." (He's a student)

    "I'm going to the school to see the head master"

    "She's in hospital at the moment." (She's ill)

    "Her husband goes to the hospital to see her every afternoon"

    Musical instruments use 'the'

    "She plays the piano"

    Sports don't have an article

    "He plays football"

    Illnesses don't have an article

    "He's got appendicitis."

    But we say "a cold" and "a headache"

    Jobs use 'a'

    "I'm a teacher"

    Countries

    We don't use 'a' if the country is singular. "He lives in England." But if the
    country's name has a "plural" meaning, we use 'the'

    The People's

    Republic of China", "The Netherlands", "The United States of America"

    Continents, towns and streets don't have an article

    "Africa", "New York", "Church Street"

    Theatres, cinemas and hotels have 'the'

    "The Odeon", "The Almeira", "The Hilton"

    Abbreviations use 'the'

    "the UN", "the USA", "the IMF"

    We use 'the' before classes of people

    "the rich", "the poor", "the British"



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  2. كتكوته تغاريد
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    كتكوته تغاريد <font color="#8F3E87">مشرفة سابقة</font>

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    Thanks pal and keep glowing as a star :40:
  3. ~ وردة الشـــSــــوق ~
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    ~ وردة الشـــSــــوق ~ عضو جديد

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